This glossary contains both medical and layman terms that are commonly associated with the prostate and prostate disorders.
Acinus - (Pl. acini) - one of approximately 25 to 30 small ducts that are in the prostate. Each acinus can have smaller branches. An acinus can become plugged by fatty deposits, and bacteria can be hidden behind the plugs.
Anus - the end of the rectum through which feces exits the body.
Beta-Sitosterol - a substance that is a fundamental and necessary part of the makeup of all plants.
Benign - not cancerous.
Bladder - the organ that collects and hold urine that will eventually be excreted from the body via the urethra.
BPH - Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia - an enlargement of the prostate that can cause the urethra to be squeezed and therefore narrowed, which can lead to problems with urination.
Cancer - the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells.
Cavernous nerves - erection nerves that carry the signals from the brain to the penis and cause the penis to fill with blood so that it becomes erect. These nerves are attached to the outside of the prostate and become stretched when the prostate swells.
DRE - Digital Rectal Examination - a medical practitioner places a gloved and lubricated finger into the rectum in order to evaluate the size and shape of the prostate.
Dysuria - pain or discomfort associated with urination.
Ejaculation - the emission of semen out of the body through the penis.
Enlarged prostate - a prostate that is swollen and larger than normal. A normal prostate is about the size of a walnut.
Erectile dysfunction - impotence - The inability to achieve or maintain an erection sufficient to complete sexual intercourse
Extract - the parts of a plant that are isolated from the rest of the plant because they are thought to have medicinal qualities.
Herbal medicine - a medicinal product made from the leaves, stem or root of a plant.
Hyperplasia - an excessive growth of cells.
Impotence - Erectile dysfunction. The inability to achieve or maintain an erection sufficient to complete sexual intercourse.
Immune System - the parts of the body that protect us by destroying bacteria, viruses and abnormal cells.
Nocturnia - the need to urinate repeatedly during the night. It is usually associated with an enlarged prostate.
PC muscle - the pubococcugeous muscle is the three layer muscle that you squeeze when you stop urinating in midstream.
Penis - a part of the male reproductive system that becomes erect when filled with blood and serves to carry semen out of the body. The penis also passes urine, from the bladder, out of the body.
Perineum - the area between the testicles and the rectum.
Prostate - a small gland that is part of the male reproductive system. It surrounds the urethra and is located below the bladder and in front of the rectum. The prostate produces prostatic fluids which mix with sperm that is made in the testicles, to form semen.
Prostate drainage - the process of detoxifying the prostate by applying some kind of force to the prostate in order to remove infection, fatty deposits and cellular debris. Alternative Prostate Treatment uses the gentle force of expansion and contraction which is caused by the hot and cold water used in a Sitz bath.
Prostatitis - the medical term for an infected prostate. Prostatitis is difficult to treat because the bacteria can be shielded from antibiotics by blocked or plugged acini.
PSA - Prostate specific antigen - a measure of the amount of a protein that is unique to the prostate and found in the blood of men suffering from a prostate disease, which is usually, but not always, prostate cancer.
Rectum - the last part of the large intestine, which terminates at the anus.
Scrotum - the sack of skin in the male reproductive system that holds the testicles.
Symptom - a feeling experienced by a person as a result of a physical or mental disorder.
Testicles - the oval shaped parts of the male reproductive system where sperm is produced.
Tumor - abnormal tissue growth which can be benign (harmless) or malignant (cancerous).
Urethra - the tube which carries urine from the bladder and out of the body through the penis. The urethra passes through the prostate and also serves to carry semen through the penis during ejaculation.
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